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Test of Word Reading Efficiency 2nd Edition (TOWRE-2)
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Supplemental: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Exploratory: Sport-Related Concussion (SRC)
Short Description of Instrument
The Test of Word Reading Efficiency-2 (TOWRE-2) assesses reading development with two subtests that present the subject either with familiar words or unfamiliar nonsense words. The subject is scored on the ability to pronounce the words accurately. Each of the subtests has two alternate forms.
The TOWRE is comprised of two subtests, lasting 45 seconds each.
The test should be administered by trained research assistants with formal training in administration, scoring, and interpretation of clinical assessments.
Raw scores are the number of real words that are read correctly in 45 seconds and the number of non-words pronounced correctly in 45 seconds. Subtest standard scores have a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. The TOWRE scoring software includes percentiles, standard scores, and age and grade equivalents.
Wagner, R., Torgesen, J., and Rashotte, C. (1999). Comprehensive Test of Phonological Processing. Examiner's Manual. Pearson Assessments: San Antonio, TX.
Ewing-Cobbs, L., Prasad, M., Swank, P., Kramar, L., Cox, C., Fletcher, J., Barnes, M., and Zhang, X. Arrested development and disrupted callosal microstructure following pediatric traumatic brain injury: relation to neurobehavioral outcomes. Neuroimage. 2008;42(4):1305-1315.
Torgesen, J., Wagner, R., and Rashotte, C. (1999). Test of Word Reading Efficiency. Pro-Ed: Austin, TX.
Western Psychological Services. Test of Word Reading Efficiency (TOWRE). Retrieved July 12, 2012.


Document last updated March 2018