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Adolescent Sleep Wake Scale (ASWS)
This instrument is not currently available on the NINDS website. For more information, please contact:
Dr. Monique L. LeBourgeois, Sleep and Development Laboratory, Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA E-Mail:
Exploratory: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)-Pediatric (ages 12 to 18 years old)
Short Description of Instrument
This is a modified version of the Children's Sleep-Wake Scale, designed to test overall sleep quality among five behavioral dimensions:
Going to bed
Falling asleep
Maintaining sleep
Reinitiating sleep
Returning to wakefulness
The ASWS is associated with the Adolescent Sleep Hygiene Scale (ASHS) which measures sleep inhibiting and facilitating practices.
6-point, Likert-type scale
28 questions, all are self-administered and reported using pencil and paper. 10–15 minutes required for testing.
Strengths/Weaknesses: There have been many studies examining the psychometric properties of the ASWS in adolescents with and without health conditions. Future studies to assess the psychometric properties in SCI are warranted.
Key Reference:
LeBourgeois, M. K., Giannotti, F., Cortesi, F., Wolfson, A. R.,& Harsh, J. (2005). The relationship between reported sleep quality and sleep hygiene in Italian and American adolescents. Pediatrics, 115(1 Suppl), 257-265.
Other References:
LeBourgeois, M., Hancock, M.,& Harsh, J. (2001). Validation of the Children's Sleep- Wake Scale (CSWS) [abstract]. Sleep, 24, A219. Retrieved from
LeBourgeois, M.,& Harsh, J. (2001). A new research instrument for measuring children's sleep [abstract]. Sleep, 24, A213. Retrieved from
Meltzer, L. J., Brimeyer, C., Russell, K., Avis, K. T., Biggs, S., Reynolds, A. C.,& Crabtree,
V. M. (2014). The Children's Report of Sleep Patterns: validity and reliability of the Sleep Hygiene Index and Sleep Disturbance Scale in adolescents. Sleep Med, 15(12), 1500-1507.
Sufrinko, A. M., Valrie, C. R., Lanzo, L., Bond, K. E., Trout, K. L., Ladd, R. E.,& Everhart,
D. E. (2015). Empirical validation of a short version of the Adolescent Sleep-Wake Scale using a sample of ethnically diverse adolescents from an economically disadvantage community. Sleep Med, 16(10), 1204-1206.


Document last updated June 2020