NINDS CDE Notice of Copyright
The instrument is freely available here: Berlin Questionnaire
Supplemental: Parkinson's Disease (PD)
Exploratory: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)
*Note: not recommended for SCI-Pediatric
|Short Description of Instrument||
The Berlin Questionnaire was developed in 1996 at the Conference on Sleep in Primary Care in Berlin, Germany. This scale measures sleep apnea and is administered by the participant with caregiver assistance.
Participants are consideredt high risk for sleep apnea if they qualify for at least two risk factors.
Chung F, Yegneswaran B, Liao P, Chung SA, Vairavanathan S, Islam S, Khajehdehi A, Shapiro CM. Validation of the Berlin questionnaire and American Society of Anesthesiologists checklist as screening tools for obstructive sleep apnea in surgical patients. Anesthesiology. 2008;108(5):822–830.
Netzer NC, Hoegel JJ, Loube D, Netzer CM, Hay B, Alvarez-Sala R, Strohl KP; Sleep in Primary Care International Study Group. Prevalence of symptoms and risk of sleep apnea in primary care. Chest. 2003;124(4):1406–1414.
Netzer NC, Stoohs RA, Netzer CM, Clark K, Strohl KP. Using the Berlin
Questionnaire to identify patients at risk for the sleep apnea syndrome. Ann Intern Med. 1999;131(7):485–491.