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Galveston Orientation and Amnesia Test (GOAT)
The instrument is freely available here:
NeuroRehab Supplemental - Highly Recommended
Recommendations for Use: Indicated for studies requiring a measure for amnesia.
Supplemental: Sport-Related Concussion (SRC) Acute (time of injury until 72 hours), Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH), and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Short Description of Instrument
The Galveston Orientation Amnesia Test (GOAT) can be administered to assess the duration of post-traumatic amnesia, including ten items on recovery of orientation to person, place, and time. The duration of retrograde and anterograde amnesia can be assessed.
The test takes 5-10 minutes to administer and is appropriate for ages 16 and older. The GOAT should be administered by a health service provider.
Scoring and Psychometric Properties
The maximum raw score is 100. T-scores and percentiles are available.
The maximum raw score is 100. T-scores and percentiles are available.
Strengths: Very well known, used in the field for many years, and has very good psychometric properties.
Weaknesses: Lacks sensitivity to mild memory and other cognitive deficits.
Bode RK, Heinemann AW, Semik P. Measurements properties of the Galveston Orientation and Amnesia Test (GOAT) and improvement patterns during in patient rehabilitation. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2000;15(1):637-655.
Levin HS, O'Donnell VM, Grossman RG. The Galveston Orientation and Amnesia Test. A practical scale to assess cognition after head injury. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1979 Nov;167(11):675-684.
Document last updated January 2022