CDE Detailed Report

Disease: Stroke
Sub-Domain: Classification
CRF: Stroke Types and Subtypes

Displaying 51 - 88 of 88
CDE ID CDE Name Variable Name Definition Short Description Question Text Permissible Values Description Data Type Disease Specific Instructions Disease Specific Reference Population Classification (e.g., Core) Version Number Version Date CRF Name (CRF Module / Guideline) Sub Domain Name Domain Name Size Input Restrictions Min Value Max Value Measurement Type External Id Loinc External Id Snomed External Id caDSR External Id CDISC
C14248 Ogilvy subarachnoid hemorrhage grade OgilvySubarachnoidHemGrade Ogilvy comprehensive grading system for classifying severity of SAH. In the system, 1 point is assigned for Hunt and Hess Grade 4 or 5, Fisher Scale score of 3 or 4, aneurysm size greater than 10 mm, patient age older than 50 years, and if the lesion is a giant (>= 25 mm) posterior circulation lesion. By adding the total points, the 5-point grading system is obtained. Ogilvy comprehensive grading system for classifying severity of SAH. In the system, 1 point is assigned for Hunt and Hess Grade 4 or 5, Fisher Scale score of 3 or 4, aneurysm size greater than 10 mm, patient age older than 50 years, and if the lesion is Ogilvy subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) grading system 1;2;3;4;5 Dead;Poor;Fair;Good;Excellent Numeric values

Add the total points as described in the definition to calculate the Ogilvy grade.

Ogilvy CS, Carter BS. A proposed comprehensive grading system to predict outcome for surgical management of intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurgery 1998;42(5):959-968. Adult Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14259 Pediatric Stroke Classification (PSC) - sub type PSCSubTyp Pediatric Stroke Classification (PSC) system (Wraige, 2005) subtype Pediatric Stroke Classification (PSC) system (Wraige, 2005) subtype Indicate the Pediatric Stroke Classification (PSC) system subtype Sickle cell disease;Cardioembolic;Moyamoya Syndrome;Cervical arterial dissection;Steno-occlusive cerebral arteriopathy;Other determined etiology;Multiple probable/ possible etiologies;Undetermined etiology Sickle cell disease;Cardioembolic;Moyamoya Syndrome;Cervical arterial dissection;Steno-occlusive cerebral arteriopathy;Other determined etiology;Multiple probable/ possible etiologies;Undetermined etiology Alphanumeric

No instructions available

Wraige E, Pohl KR, Ganesan V. A proposed classification for subtypes of arterial ischemic stroke in children. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2005;47(4):252-256. Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14219 Clinical stroke time-based definition indicator ClinStrokeTimeBasedDefinInd Indicates whether the patient suffered a clinical stroke according to the following, "time-based" definition: Stroke is a sudden focal neurological deficit of presumed vascular origin lasting >= 24 hours (or fatal within 24 hours). Indicates whether the patient suffered a clinical stroke according to the following, "time-based" definition: Stroke is a sudden focal neurological deficit of presumed vascular origin lasting >= 24 hours (or fatal within 24 hours). Has the patient suffered a stroke according to the "time-based" definition? Yes;No;Unknown Yes;No;Unknown Alphanumeric

A clinical study should at a minimum use either the "time-based" or the "tissue-based" definition for clinical stroke. Some clinical studies may find it appropriate to use both definitions.

Sacco RL, Kasner SE, Broderick JP, Caplan LR, Connors JJ, Culebras A, Elkind MS, George MG, Hamdan AD, Higashida RT, Hoh BL, Janis LS, Kase CS, Kleindorfer DO, Lee JM, Moseley ME, Peterson ED, Turan TN, Valderrama AL, Vinters HV; American Heart Association Stroke Council, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia; Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention; Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing; Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; Council on Peripheral Vascular Disease; Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism. An updated definition of stroke for the 21st century: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2013;44(7):2064-2089. Available at: http://stroke.ahajournals.org. Adult;Pediatric Supplemental-Highly Recommended 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14626 Sophia delivery mode type SophiaDelModeTyp Mother's mode of delivery of the neonate. This variable is included along with 8 other classifying variables and clinical context in the Sophia Composite Diagnostic Classification. Mother's mode of delivery of the neonate. This variable is included along with 8 other classifying variables and clinical context in the Sophia Composite Diagnostic Classification. Identify the mother's mode of delivery of the neonate. Spontaneous cephalic vaginal;Cephalic vaginal with instrumental traction (vacuum, forceps or both);Breech vaginal;Elective caesarean;Emergency caesarean Spontaneous cephalic vaginal;Cephalic vaginal with instrumental traction (vacuum, forceps or both);Breech vaginal;Elective caesarean;Emergency caesarean Alphanumeric

This element should be collected along with the other elements of the Sophia Classification.

Govaert P, Ramenghi L, Taal R, de Vries L, Deveber G. Diagnosis of perinatal stroke I: definitions, differential diagnosis and registration. Acta Paediatr. 2009;98(10):1556-1567. Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14233 Atherosclerosis small vessel disease cardiac source other cause (ASCO) system - other grade ASCOSystemOtherGrade The grade of other cause, as part of the atherosclerosis small-vessel disease cardiac source other cause (ASCO) system. Patients are evaluated for the predefined phenotype of other cause (O) The grade of other cause, as part of the atherosclerosis small-vessel disease cardiac source other cause (ASCO) system. Patients are evaluated for the predefined phenotype of other cause (O) Evaluate the patients for the predefined phenotype of other cause (O). 0;1;2;3;9 No disease is present;Definitely a potential cause of the index stroke (examples): (a) Arterial dissection by A or B evidence (table 3), (b) Dolichoectasia with complicated aneurysm, (c) Polycythemia vera, thrombocythemia >800,000/mm3, (d) Lupus erythematosus, (e) Disseminated intravascular coagulation, (f) Criteria for antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, (g) Fabry's disease, (h) Concomitant meningitis, (i) Sickle cell disease, (j) Ruptured cerebral aneurysm with or without demonstration of spasm in the territory of the brain infarct, (k) Homozygote for hyperhomocystinuria;Causality uncertain: (a) Arterial dissection diagnosed by level C evidence, (b) Fibromuscular dysplasia;Unlikely a direct cause of index stroke (but disease is present): (a) Kinking or dolichoectasia without complicated aneurysm or plicature, (b) Arteriovenous malformation or saccular aneurysm, (c) Thrombocytosis >450,000 and <800,000/mm3, (d) Antiphospholipid antibodies <100 GPL units, (e) Mild hyperhomocysteinemia heterozygote;Cannot be graded because no tests were performed Numeric values

This data element should be collected along with the other elements from the A-S-C-O (Phenotypic) Classification.

Amarenco P, Bogousslavsky J, Caplan LR, Donnan GA, Hennerici MG. New approach to stroke subtyping: the A-S-C-O (phenotypic) classification of stroke. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2009;27(5):502-508 Adult Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14249 Subarachnoid hemorrhage interhemispheric fissure score SubarachHemInterhemFisScore Subarachnoid hemorrhage column scale (Hijdra) for the interhemispheric fissure score SAH Volume Scale (Hijdra) - Interhemispheric fissure score Column scale (Hijdra) for the interhemispheric fissure score 0;1;2;3 No blood;Small amount of blood;Moderately filled with blood;Completely filled with blood Numeric values

This data element should be collected along with the other elements of the SAH Volume Scale (Hijdra).

Hijdra A, Brouwers PJ, Vermeulen M, van Gijn J. Grading the amount of blood on computed tomograms after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke 1990;21(8):1156-1161. Adult;Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14260 Sebire-International Pediatric Stroke Study (IPSS) - sub type SebireIPSSSubTyp The subtype as related to the Sebire/International Pediatric Stroke Study (IPSS) classification. The subtype as related to the Sebire/International Pediatric Stroke Study (IPSS) classification. Indicate the subtype as related to the Sebire/International Pediatric Stroke Study (IPSS) classification. Arteriopathy associated with sickle cell disease;Transient cerebral arteriopathy;Moyamoya Syndrome;Arterial dissection;Chronic inflammatory vasculitis;Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1);Fibromuscular dysplasia;Post irradiation arteriopathy;Metabolic arteriopathies;Cryptogenic arteriopathy Arteriopathy associated with sickle cell disease;Transient cerebral arteriopathy;Moyamoya Syndrome;Arterial dissection;Chronic inflammatory vasculitis;Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1);Fibromuscular dysplasia;Post irradiation arteriopathy;Metabolic arteriopathies;Cryptogenic arteriopathy Alphanumeric

No instructions available

Sebire G, Fullerton H, Riou E, deVeber G. Toward the definition of cerebral arteriopathies of childhood. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2004;16(6):617-622. Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14220 Clinical stroke tissue-based definition indicator ClinStrokeTissBasedDefinInd Indicates whether the patient suffered a clinical stroke according to the following, "tissue-based" definition: Symptomatic stroke is a sudden focal neurological deficit, of any duration, due to focal brain, spinal cord, or retinal infarction or hemorrhage. Infarction or hemorrhage may be demonstrated either 1) directly by imaging/laboratory/pathologic examination in patients with symptom duration less than 24 hours, or 2) inferred by symptoms lasting >= 24 hours (or fatal within 24 hours) that cannot be attributed to another cause. Indicates whether the patient suffered a clinical stroke according to a "tissue-based" definition. Has the patient suffered a clinical stroke according to the "tissue-based" definition? Yes;No;Unknown Yes;No;Unknown Alphanumeric

A clinical study should at a minimum use either the "time-based" or the "tissue-based" definition for clinical stroke. Some clinical studies may find it appropriate to use both definitions.

Sacco RL, Kasner SE, Broderick JP, Caplan LR, Connors JJ, Culebras A, Elkind MS, George MG, Hamdan AD, Higashida RT, Hoh BL, Janis LS, Kase CS, Kleindorfer DO, Lee JM, Moseley ME, Peterson ED, Turan TN, Valderrama AL, Vinters HV; American Heart Association Stroke Council, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia; Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention; Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing; Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; Council on Peripheral Vascular Disease; Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism. An updated definition of stroke for the 21st century: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2013;44(7):2064-2089. <br />Available at: http://stroke.ahajournals.org. Adult;Pediatric Supplemental-Highly Recommended 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C18909 Intracerebral hemorrhage presumed cause other text ICHPresumedCauseOTH The free-text field related to 'Intracerebral hemorrhage presumed cause type' specifying other text. Indicates the presumed cause(s) of the intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Multiple responses are allowed. The free-text field related to 'Intracerebral hemorrhage presumed cause type' specifying other text. Indicates the presumed cause(s) of the intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Multiple responses are allowed. Other, specify Alphanumeric

No instructions available

No references available Adult;Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events 4000

Free-Form Entry

C14234 Atherosclerosis small vessel disease cardiac source other cause (ASCO) system - diagnostic evidence level type ASCOSystemDiagEvidLevTyp Levels of diagnostic evidence for the ASCO Grades Levels of diagnostic evidence for the ASCO Grades Identify the levels of diagnostic evidence for the ASCO grades. Level A;Level B;Level C Direct demonstration by gold standard diagnostic tests or criteria;Indirect evidence or less sensitive or specific tests or criteria;Weak evidence Alphanumeric

This data element should be collected along with the other elements from the A-S-C-O (Phenotypic) Classification.

Amarenco P, Bogousslavsky J, Caplan LR, Donnan GA, Hennerici MG. New approach to stroke subtyping: the A-S-C-O (phenotypic) classification of stroke. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2009;27(5):502-508 Adult Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C00001 Gestational age value GestatnlAgeVal Time elapsed in weeks between the first day of the last normal menstrual period and the day of delivery of the participant/subject. Time elapsed in weeks between the first day of the last normal menstrual period and the day of delivery of the participant/subject. Gestational age at birth Numeric Values

Enter the gestational age at birth in weeks as an integer.

No references available Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-07-25 08:54:08.2 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Free-Form Entry

0 52 week 3192017
C14250 Subarachnoid hemorrhage Sylvian fissure lateral part score SubaracHemSylvianFisLatPaScore SAH Volume Scale (Hijdra) - Sylvian fissure lateral part left score SAH Volume Scale (Hijdra) - Sylvian fissure lateral part left score Sylvian fissure lateral part left score 0;1;2;3 No blood;Small amount of blood;Moderately filled with blood;Completely filled with blood Numeric values

This data element should be collected along with the other elements of the SAH Volume Scale (Hijdra).

Hijdra A, Brouwers PJ, Vermeulen M, van Gijn J. Grading the amount of blood on computed tomograms after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 1990;21(8):1156-1161. Adult;Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14261 Childhood AIS standardized classification and diagnostic evaluation (CASCADE) - standard primary acute sub type CASCADEStandPrimryAcuteSubTyp Childhood AIS Standardized Classification and Diagnostic Evaluation (CASCADE) Primary Classification: Acute - All patients with defined childhood arterial ischemic stroke will be classified into a single acute primary category, at the time of initial diagnosis (within 1 month of presentation). Childhood AIS standardized classification and diagnostic evaluation (CASCADE) primary classification: acute subtype Primary Classification: Acute – All patients with defined childhood arterial ischemic stroke will be classified into a single acute primary category, at the time of initial diagnosis (within 1 month of presentation). Small vessel arteriopathy of childhood (SVA);Unilateral focal cerebral arteriopathy of childhood (FCA);Bilateral cerebral arteriopathy of childhood;Aortic/ cervical arteriopathy;Cardio- embolic;Other;Multi-factorial;Undetermined etiology Small vessel arteriopathy of childhood (SVA);Unilateral focal cerebral arteriopathy of childhood (FCA);Bilateral cerebral arteriopathy of childhood;Aortic/ cervical arteriopathy;Cardio- embolic;Other;Multi-factorial;Undetermined etiology Alphanumeric

This data element should be collected along with the other elements of the CASCADE criteria.

Bernard TJ, Beslow LA, Manco-Johnson MJ, Armstrong-Wells J, Boada R, Weitzenkamp D, Hollatz A, Poisson S, Amlie-Lefond C, Lo W, deVeber G, Goldenberg NA, Dowling MM, Roach ES, Fullerton HJ, Benseler SM, Jordan LC, Kirton A, Ichord RN. Inter-Rater Reliability of the CASCADE Criteria: Challenges in Classifying Arteriopathies. Stroke. 2016;47(10):2443-2449.<br /><br />Bernard TJ, Manco-Johnson MJ, Lo W, MacKay MT, Ganesan V, DeVeber G, Goldenberg NA, Armstrong-Wells J, Dowling MM, Roach ES, Tripputi M, Fullerton HJ, Furie KL, Benseler SM, Jordan LC, Kirton A, Ichord R. Towards a consensus-based classification of childhood arterial ischemic stroke. Stroke. 2012;43(2):371-377. Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14221 Clinical stroke time-based definition type ClinStrokeTimeBasedDefinTyp Indicates the type of clinical stroke suffered by the adult patient, using duration of symptoms to distinguish between ischemic stroke and TIA. Indicates the type of clinical stroke suffered by the adult patient, using duration of symptoms to distinguish between ischemic stroke and TIA. Indicate the type of clinical stroke suffered by the adult patient, using the duration of symptoms to distinguish between ischemic stroke and TIA. Ischemic Stroke;Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA);Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH);Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH);Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH);Clinical Stroke of Uncertain Type;Silent Stroke (Clinically Asymptomatic) Ischemic Stroke;Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA);Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH);Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH);Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH);Clinical Stroke of Uncertain Type;Silent Stroke (Clinically Asymptomatic) Alphanumeric

Choose one per stroke event. A clinical study should use either the "time-based" or "tissue-based" definition for clinical stroke type.

The "NINDS Stroke Common Data Element (CDE) Project, Stroke Types and Subtypes Subgroup: Recommendations" has detailed definitions for each stroke type. That document also suggests using a term like "Acute Neurovascular Syndrome" for patients with relatively brief symptom duration (e.g., symptoms that persist several hours but less than a day), who do not receive a detailed diagnostic imaging evaluation and thus it is not possible to determine whether stroke or TIA is the most appropriate diagnosis. <br />Sacco RL, Kasner SE, Broderick JP, Caplan LR, Connors JJ, Culebras A, Elkind MS, George MG, Hamdan AD, Higashida RT, Hoh BL, Janis LS, Kase CS, Kleindorfer DO, Lee JM, Moseley ME, Peterson ED, Turan TN, Valderrama AL, Vinters HV; American Heart Association Stroke Council, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia; Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention; Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing; Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; Council on Peripheral Vascular Disease; Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism. An updated definition of stroke for the 21st century: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2013;44(7):2064-2089.<br />Available at: http://stroke.ahajournals.org. Adult;Pediatric Supplemental-Highly Recommended 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C18910 Intraventricular hemorrhage presumed cause other text IVHPresumedCauseOTH The free-text field related to 'Intraventricular hemorrhage presumed cause type' specifying other text. Indicates the presumed cause(s) of the intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). Multiple responses are allowed. The free-text field related to 'Intraventricular hemorrhage presumed cause type' specifying other text. Indicates the presumed cause(s) of the intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). Multiple responses are allowed. Other, specify Alphanumeric

No instructions available

No references available Adult;Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events 4000

Free-Form Entry

C14235 Atherosclerosis small vessel disease cardiac source other cause (ASCO) system - sub type ASCOSystemSubTyp Stroke Subtype as defined by the A-S-C-O pattern (e.g., A1-S3-C1-O3) Stroke Subtype as defined by the A-S-C-O pattern (e.g., A1-S3-C1-O3) Identify the Stroke Subtype as defined by the A-S-C-O pattern Alphanumeric

This element combines the 4 separate phenotype grades. It should be collected along with the other elements from the A-S-C-O (Phenotypic) Classification. The format is A_S_C_O_ ; where blanks contain numbers 0, 1, 2, 3 or 9.

Amarenco P, Bogousslavsky J, Caplan LR, Donnan GA, Hennerici MG. New approach to stroke subtyping: the A-S-C-O (phenotypic) classification of stroke. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2009;27(5):502-508 Adult Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events 255

Free-Form Entry

C00311 Birth weight value BirthWgtVal Birth weight according to the participant's/subject's medical report or reported by the parent or legal guardian Birth weight according to the participant's/subject's medical report or reported by the parent or legal guardian Birth weight Numeric Values

This element should be collected along with the other elements of the Sophia Classification. Recommended for Neonates ONLY (i.e., not appropriate for Children).

Govaert P, Ramenghi L, Taal R, de Vries L, Deveber G. Diagnosis of perinatal stroke I: definitions, differential diagnosis and registration. Acta Paediatr. 2009;98(10):1556-1567. Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-07-24 21:00:23.88 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Free-Form Entry

0 9000 gram 3201400;2179689
C14251 Subarachnoid hemorrhage basal part score SubarachHemBasalPartScore SAH Volume Scale (Hijdra) - Basal part left score SAH Volume Scale (Hijdra) - Basal part left score Basal part left score 0;1;2;3 No blood;Small amount of blood;Moderately filled with blood;Completely filled with blood Numeric values

This data element should be collected along with the other elements of the SAH Volume Scale (Hijdra).

Hijdra A, Brouwers PJ, Vermeulen M, van Gijn J. Grading the amount of blood on computed tomograms after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 1990;21(8):1156-1161. Adult;Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14263 Childhood AIS standardized classification and diagnostic evaluation (CASCADE) - primary chronic sub type CASCADEPrimryChrncSubTyp Childhood AIS standardized classification and diagnostic evaluation (CASCADE) primary classification: chronic - patients with an initial vascular diagnosis (at 0-1 month) for "Primary Classification: Acute" are given a follow-up diagnosis based on studies obtained at or after 3-6 months that will capture any progression, stability or regression of the arteriopathy. Childhood AIS standardized classification and diagnostic evaluation (CASCADE) primary classification: chronic subtype Primary Classification: Chronic – Patients with an initial vascular diagnosis (at 0-1 month) for "Primary Classification: Acute" are given a follow-up diagnosis based on studies obtained at or after 3-6 months that will capture any progression, stability or regression of the arteriopathy. Progressive Arteriopathy;Stable Arteriopathy;Reversible Arteriopathy;Indeterminate Arteriopathy Using the same radiographic techniques for comparison at 3-6 months or more beyond initial image: progression of arteriopathy or new arteriopathy.;Using the same radiographic techniques for comparison at 3-6 months or more beyond initial image: (1) no evidence of new or progressive arteriopathy and (2) no evidence of improvement in arteriopathy.;Using the same radiographic techniques for comparison at 3-6 months or more beyond initial image: easily recognized improvement/ resolution of arteriopathy without evidence of new arteriopathy.;Incomplete Follow-up Alphanumeric

This data element should be collected along with the other elements of the CASCADE criteria.

Bernard TJ, Beslow LA, Manco-Johnson MJ, Armstrong-Wells J, Boada R, Weitzenkamp D, Hollatz A, Poisson S, Amlie-Lefond C, Lo W, deVeber G, Goldenberg NA, Dowling MM, Roach ES, Fullerton HJ, Benseler SM, Jordan LC, Kirton A, Ichord RN. Inter-Rater Reliability of the CASCADE Criteria: Challenges in Classifying Arteriopathies. Stroke. 2016;47(10):2443-2449.<br /><br />Bernard TJ, Manco-Johnson MJ, Lo W, MacKay MT, Ganesan V, DeVeber G, Goldenberg NA, Armstrong-Wells J, Dowling MM, Roach ES, Tripputi M, Fullerton HJ, Furie KL, Benseler SM, Jordan LC, Kirton A, Ichord R. Towards a consensus-based classification of childhood arterial ischemic stroke. Stroke. 2012;43(2):371-377. Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14222 Clinical stroke tissue-based definition type ClinStrokeTissBasedDefinTyp Indicates the type of clinical stroke suffered by the adult patient, using tissue status to distinguish between ischemic stroke and TIA. Indicates the type of clinical stroke suffered by the adult patient, using tissue status to distinguish between ischemic stroke and TIA. Indicate the type of clinical stroke suffered by the adult patient, using tissue status to distinguish between ischemic stroke and TIA. Ischemic Stroke;Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA);Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH);Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH);Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH);Clinical Stroke of Uncertain Type;Silent Stroke (Clinically Asymptomatic) Ischemic Stroke;Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA);Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH);Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH);Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH);Clinical Stroke of Uncertain Type;Silent Stroke (Clinically Asymptomatic) Alphanumeric

Choose one per stroke event. A clinical study should use either the "time-based" or "tissue-based" definition for clinical stroke type.

The "NINDS Stroke Common Data Element (CDE) Project, Stroke Types and Subtypes Subgroup: Recommendations" has detailed definitions for each stroke type.<br /><br />Sacco RL, Kasner SE, Broderick JP, Caplan LR, Connors JJ, Culebras A, Elkind MS, George MG, Hamdan AD, Higashida RT, Hoh BL, Janis LS, Kase CS, Kleindorfer DO, Lee JM, Moseley ME, Peterson ED, Turan TN, Valderrama AL, Vinters HV; American Heart Association Stroke Council, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia; Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention; Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing; Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; Council on Peripheral Vascular Disease; Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism. An updated definition of stroke for the 21st century: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2013;44(7):2064-2089. <br />Available at: http://stroke.ahajournals.org. Adult;Pediatric Supplemental-Highly Recommended 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C18911 Subarachnoid hemorrhage etiology other text SAHEtiologyOTH The free-text field related to 'Subarachnoid hemorrhage etiology type' specifying other text. Indicates the presumed cause(s) of the subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Multiple responses are allowed. The free-text field related to 'Subarachnoid hemorrhage etiology type' specifying other text. Indicates the presumed cause(s) of the subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Multiple responses are allowed. Other, specify Alphanumeric

No instructions available

No references available Adult;Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events 4000

Free-Form Entry

C14236 Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project (OCSP) - subtype category OCSPSubtypeCategory Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project (OCSP) Subtype Classification Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project (OCSP) Subtype Classification Identify the Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project (OCSP) subtype classification. Partial anterior circulation infarcts (PACI);Lacunar infarcts (LACI);Posterior circulation infarcts (POCI);Total anterior circulation infarcts (TACI) PACI = Patients presented with only two of the three components of the TACI syndrome, with higher cerebral dysfunction alone, or with a motor/sensory deficit more restricted than those classified as LACI (e.g., confined to one limb, or to face and hand but not to the whole arm).;LACI = These patients presented with a pure motor stroke, pure sensory stroke, sensori-motor stroke, or ataxic hemiparesis. Although patients with faciobrachial and brachiocrural involvement were included, those with more restricted deficits were not. There were no cases of acute focal movement disorders due to CI in our study although there is some evidence that such cases should be considered in this group.;POCI = These patients presented with any of the following: ipsilateral cranial nerve palsy with contralateral motor and/or sensory deficit| bilateral motor and/or sensory deficit| disorder of conjugate eye movement| cerebellar dysfunction without ipsilateral long-tract deficit (i.e., ataxic hemiparesis)| or isolated homonymous visual field defect.;TACI = Patients with TACI presented with the combination of new higher cerebral dysfunction (e.g., dysphasia, dyscalculia, visuospatial disorder)| homonymous visual field defect| and ipsilateral motor and/or sensory deficit of at least two areas of the face, arm, and leg. If the conscious level was impaired and formal testing of higher cerebral function or the visual fields was not possible, a deficit was assumed. Alphanumeric

Definitions from Lancet. 1991 Jun 22;337(8756):1521-6. LACI = These patients presented with a pure motor stroke, pure sensory stroke, sensori-motor stroke, or ataxic hemiparesis. Although patients with faciobrachial and brachiocrural involvement were included, those with more restricted deficits were not. There were no cases of acute focal movement disorders due to CI in our study although there is some evidence that such cases should be considered in this group. TACI = Patients with TACI presented with the combination of new higher cerebral dysfunction (e.g., dysphasia, dyscalculia, visuospatial disorder); homonymous visual field defect; and ipsilateral motor and/or sensory deficit of at least two areas of the face, arm, and leg. If the conscious level was impaired and formal testing of higher cerebral function or the visual fields was not possible, a deficit was assumed. PACI = Patients presented with only two of the three components of the TACI syndrome, with higher cerebral dysfunction alone, or with a motor/sensory deficit more restricted than those classified as LACI (e.g., confined to one limb, or to face and hand but not to the whole arm). POCI = These patients presented with any of the following: ipsilateral cranial nerve palsy with contralateral motor and/or sensory deficit; bilateral motor and/or sensory deficit; disorder of conjugate eye movement; cerebellar dysfunction without ipsilateral long-tract deficit (i.e., ataxic hemiparesis); or isolated homonymous visual field defect.

Bamford J, Sandercock P, Dennis M, Burn J, Warlow C. Classification and natural history of clinically identifiable subtypes of cerebral infarction. Lancet. 1991;337(8756):1521-1526. Adult;Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C02411 Laterality type LatTyp Laterality type relative to the anatomic site of the body examined or affected Laterality type relative to the anatomic site of the body examined or affected Specify laterality Bilateral;Left;Right;Unknown;Midline Bilateral;Left;Right;Unknown;Midline Alphanumeric

No instructions available

No references available Adult;Pediatric Supplemental-Highly Recommended 3.00 2013-08-28 16:08:00.453 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14252 Subarachnoid hemorrhage suprasellar cistern score SuarachHemSupraCisScore SAH Volume Scale (Hijdra) - Suprasellar cistern left score SAH Volume Scale (Hijdra) - Suprasellar cistern left score Suprasellar cistern left score 0;1;2;3 No blood;Small amount of blood;Moderately filled with blood;Completely filled with blood Numeric values

This data element should be collected along with the other elements of the SAH Volume Scale (Hijdra).

Hijdra A, Brouwers PJ, Vermeulen M, van Gijn J. Grading the amount of blood on computed tomograms after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 1990;21(8):1156-1161. Adult;Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14265 NIH Ischemic Perinatal Stroke (IPS) - sub type NIHIPSSubTyp Subtype based on the Ischemic Perinatal Stroke (IPS) Workshop sponsored by NIH in 2007 Subtype based on the Ischemic Perinatal Stroke (IPS) Workshop sponsored by NIH in 2007 Indicate the subtype based on the Ischemic Perinatal Stroke (IPS) Workshop sponsored by NIH in 2007. Fetal ischemic stroke;Neonatal ischemic stroke;Presumed perinatal ischemic Fetal ischemic stroke;Neonatal ischemic stroke;Presumed perinatal ischemic Alphanumeric

No instructions available

Raju TN, Nelson KB, Ferriero D, Lynch JK., NICHD-NINDS Perinatal Stroke Workshop Participants. Ischemic perinatal stroke: summary of a workshop sponsored by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Pediatrics. 2007;120(3):609-616. Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14224 Acute ischemic cerebrovascular syndrome (AICS) - stroke sub type AICSStrokeSubTyp Ischemic stroke subtype based on the acute Ischemic cerebrovascular syndrome (AICS) classification system. Ischemic stroke subtype based on the acute Ischemic cerebrovascular syndrome (AICS) classification system. Identify the ischemic stroke subtype based on the acute Ischemic cerebrovascular syndrome (AICS) classification system. Definite AICS;Probable AICS;Possible AICS;Not AICS Acute onset of neurologic dysfunction of any severity consistent with focal brain ischemia and imaging/laboratory confirmation.;Acute onset of neurologic dysfunction of any severity suggestive of focal brain ischemic syndrome but without imaging/laboratory confirmation of acute ischemic pathology (diagnostic studies were negative but insensitive for ischemic pathology of the given duration, severity and location). Imaging, laboratory, and clinical data studies do not suggest non-ischemic etiology: possible alternative etiologies are ruled out.;Acute neurologic dysfunction of any duration or severity possibly consistent with focal brain ischemia without imaging/laboratory confirmation of acute ischemic pathology (diagnostic studies were not performed or were negative and sensitive for ischemic pathology of the given duration, severity and location). Possible alternative etiologies are not ruled out. Symptoms may be non-focal or difficult to localize.;Not AICS Alphanumeric

Choose one.

Kidwell CS, Warach S. Acute ischemic cerebrovascular syndrome: diagnostic criteria. Stroke. 2003;34(12):2995-2998 Adult;Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C19076 Sophia signs symptoms presentation neurological signs other text SophiaSignSymPresNuroSgnOthTxt The free-text field related to 'Sophia signs and symptoms on presentation type' specifying other text. Signs and symptoms exhibited by the neonate at presentation. This variable is included along with 8 other classifying variables and clinical context in the Sophia Composite Diagnostic Classification. The free-text field related to 'Sophia signs and symptoms on presentation type' specifying other text. Signs and symptoms exhibited by the neonate at presentation. This variable is included along with 8 other classifying variables and clinical context Other neurological signs, specify Alphanumeric

This element should be collected along with the other elements of the Sophia Classification.

Govaert P, Ramenghi L, Taal R, de Vries L, Deveber G. Diagnosis of perinatal stroke I: definitions, differential diagnosis and registration. Acta Paediatr. 2009;98(10):1556-1567. Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events 4000

Free-Form Entry

C14237 Intracerebral hemorrhage presumed cause type ICHPresumedCauseTyp Indicates the presumed cause(s) of the intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Multiple responses are allowed. Indicates the presumed cause(s) of the intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Multiple responses are allowed. Indicate the presumed cause(s) of the intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Hypertensive;Amyloid angiopathy;Cavernous hemangioma;Venous angioma;Aneurysm (if SAH and ICH – then classified as SAH);Anti-coagulant related ICH;Thrombolytic ICH (not hemorrhagic transformation of cerebral infarction);Tumor;Undetermined;Other, specify;Arteriovenous malformation Hypertensive ICH is defined as an ICH in the setting of known history of hypertension in a deep, cerebellar, or brainstem location without another defined structural cause.;ICH presumed secondary to amyloid angiopathy is suggested by lobar ICH without another defined cause in the setting of prior lobar ICH, old cortical microhemorrhages on MRI, imaging of amyloid by PET, or biopsy/surgical specimen consistent with amyloid angiopathy.;Cavernous hemangioma;Venous angioma;Aneurysm (if SAH and ICH – then classified as SAH);Anti-coagulant related ICH;Thrombolytic ICH (not hemorrhagic transformation of cerebral infarction);Tumor;Undetermined;Other, specify;Arteriovenous malformation Alphanumeric

Select all that apply.

No references available Adult;Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Multiple Pre-Defined Values Selected

C06005 Data collected date and time DataCollDateTime Date (and time, if applicable and known) the data were collected. This may be the date/time a particular examination or procedure was performed. Date (and time, if applicable and known) the data were collected. This may be the date/time a particular examination or procedure was performed. Date information collected Date or Date & Time

Record the date/time according to the ISO 8601, the International Standard for the representation of dates and times (http://www.iso.org/iso/home.html). The date/time should be recorded to the level of granularity known (e.g., year, year and month, complete date plus hours and minutes, etc.).

No references available Adult;Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-07-24 21:00:23.88 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Free-Form Entry

C14253 Subarachnoid hemorrhage ambient cistern score SubarachHemAmbCisScore SAH Volume Scale (Hijdra) - Ambient cistern left score SAH Volume Scale (Hijdra) - Ambient cistern left score Ambient cistern left score 0;1;2;3 No blood;Small amount of blood;Moderately filled with blood;Completely filled with blood Numeric values

This data element should be collected along with the other elements of the SAH Volume Scale (Hijdra).

Hijdra A, Brouwers PJ, Vermeulen M, van Gijn J. Grading the amount of blood on computed tomograms after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 1990;21(8):1156-1161. Adult;Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14266 Sophia vessel sub type SophiaVesselSubTyp Sophia classification of stroke subtype by vessel affected Sophia classification of stroke subtype by vessel affected Identify the Sophia classification of stroke subtype by vessel affected. Neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (AIS);Neonatal cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CST);Hemorrhagic stroke Neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (AIS);Neonatal cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CST);Hemorrhagic stroke Alphanumeric

This element should be collected along with the other elements of the Sophia Classification.

Govaert P, Ramenghi L, Taal R, de Vries L, Deveber G. Diagnosis of perinatal stroke I: definitions, differential diagnosis and registration. Acta Paediatr. 2009;98(10):1556-1567. Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14225 Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) - ischemic stroke sub type TOASTIschemStrokSubTyp Ischemic Stroke Subtype based on the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) Classification System Ischemic Stroke Subtype based on the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) Classification System Identify the Ischemic Stroke Subtype based on the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) Classification System. Large artery atherosclerosis;Cardioembolism;Stroke of other determined etiology;Stroke of undetermined etiology;Small artery occlusion Atherosclerotic lesion causing greater than 50% stenosis;Divided into high-risk and medium-risk sources based on their relative potential to cause stroke;Rare causes such as non-atherosclerotic vasculopathies, hematologic disorders, or hypercoagulable states;Including, a. Two or more causes, b. Negative evaluation (unknown), c. Incomplete evaluation;Lacunar syndrome with or without evidence of ischemic lesion less than 1.5 cm in diameter in the brain stem or subcortical white matter Alphanumeric

Choose one.

Adams HP Jr, Bendixen BH, Kappelle LJ, Biller J, Love BB, Gordon DL, Marsh EE 3rd. Classification of subtype of acute ischemic stroke. Definitions for use in a multicenter clinical trial. TOAST. Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment. Stroke. 1993;24(1):35-41. Adult Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C19077 Sophia imaging stroke composite diagnosis method other text SophiaImgStrkCompDiaMthdOthTxt The free-text field related to 'Imaging stroke composite diagnosis method type' specifying other text. Imaging method at detection. This variable is included along with 8 other classifying variables and clinical context in the Sophia Composite Diagnostic Classification. The free-text field related to 'Imaging stroke composite diagnosis method type' specifying other text. Imaging method at detection. This variable is included along with 8 other classifying variables and clinical context Other, specify Alphanumeric

This element should be collected along with the other elements of the Sophia Classification

Govaert P, Ramenghi L, Taal R, de Vries L, Deveber G. Diagnosis of perinatal stroke I: definitions, differential diagnosis and registration. Acta Paediatr. 2009;98(10):1556-1567. Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events 4000

Free-Form Entry

C14238 Intraventricular hemorrhage presumed cause type IVHPresumedCauseTyp Indicates the presumed cause(s) of the intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). Multiple responses are allowed. Indicates the presumed cause(s) of the intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). Multiple responses are allowed. Indicate the presumed cause(s) of the intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). Hypertensive;Tumor;Anti-coagulant related IVH;Arteriovenous malformation;Other, specify (list);Undetermined Hypertensive ICH is defined as an IVH in the setting of known history of hypertension without another defined structural cause.;Tumor;Anti-coagulant related IVH;Arteriovenous malformation;Other, specify (list);Undetermined Alphanumeric

Select all that apply.

No references available Adult;Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Multiple Pre-Defined Values Selected

C14254 Subarachnoid hemorrhage quadrigeminal cistern score SubarachHemQuadCisScore SAH Volume Scale (Hijdra) - Quadrigeminal cistern score SAH Volume Scale (Hijdra) - Quadrigeminal cistern score Quadrigeminal cistern score 0;1;2;3 No blood;Small amount of blood;Moderately filled with blood;Completely filled with blood Numeric values

This data element should be collected along with the other elements of the SAH Volume Scale (Hijdra).

Hijdra A, Brouwers PJ, Vermeulen M, van Gijn J. Grading the amount of blood on computed tomograms after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 1990;21(8):1156-1161. Adult;Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C13831 Graeb intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) scale - right lateral ventricle score GraebIVHScaleRightLatVentScore Indicates Graeb IVH Scale - Right lateral ventricle score Indicates Graeb IVH Scale - Right lateral ventricle score Right lateral ventricle score 1;2;3;4 Trace amount of blood or mild bleeding;< Half of the ventricle filled with blood;> Half of the ventricle filled with blood;Ventricle expanded and filled with blood Numeric values

No instructions available

Graeb DA, Robertson WD, Lapointe JS, Nugent RA, Harrison PB. Computed tomographic diagnosis of intraventricular hemorrhage. Etiology and prognosis. Radiology. 1982;143(1):91-96. Adult;Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14267 Sophia timing sub type SophiaTimeSubTyp Sophia classification of stroke subtype by timing of stroke Sophia classification of stroke subtype by timing of stroke Identify the Sophia classification of stroke subtype by timing of stroke. Fetal stroke;Neonatal stroke;Presumed fetal or neonatal stroke Fetal stroke;Neonatal stroke;Presumed fetal or neonatal stroke Alphanumeric

This element should be collected along with the other elements of the Sophia Classification.

Govaert P, Ramenghi L, Taal R, de Vries L, Deveber G. Diagnosis of perinatal stroke I: definitions, differential diagnosis and registration. Acta Paediatr. 2009;98(10):1556-1567. Pediatric Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

C14226 Stroke causative classification standard sub type StrokCausClassStandSubTyp Ischemic Stroke Subtype based on The Causative Classification System's - standard causative subtypes Ischemic Stroke Subtype based on The Causative Classification System's - standard causative subtypes Identify the Ischemic Stroke Subtype based on The Causative Classification System's – standard causative subtypes. Large artery atherosclerosis;Cardio-aortic embolism;Small artery occlusion;Other uncommon causes;Undetermined causes Either occlusive, or stenotic (greater than or equal to 50% diameter reduction or <50% diameter reduction with plaque ulceration or thrombosis or plaque with <50% diameter reduction that is seated at the site of the origin of the penetrating artery supplying the region of an acute lacunar infarct) vascular disease judged to be due to atherosclerosis in the clinically-relevant extracranial or intracranial arteries;Cardiac sources of embolism are segregated into high- and low-risk categories with reference to an objective 2% primary stroke risk threshold;Imaging evidence of a single and clinically relevant acute infarction less than 20 mm in greatest diameter within the territory of basal or brainstem penetrating arteries in the absence of any focal pathology in the parent artery at the site of the origin of the penetrating artery (focal atheroma, parent vessel dissection, vasculitis, vasospasm, etc.);Specific disease processes not included in the first 3 categories that involve clinically-appropriate brain arteries, including, a. Unknown-cryptogenic embolism: Angiographic evidence of abrupt cut-off in an otherwise normal looking artery or subsequent complete recanalization of a previously occluded artery, b. Unknown: Other cryptogenic strokes that do not fulfill the criteria for cryptogenic embolism, c. Unclassified: Multiple competing etiologies, d. Incomplete evaluation: Failure to investigate for a relevant etiology in the absence of positive evidence;Undetermined causes Alphanumeric

Choose one (the most likely mechanism).

Ay H, Furie KL, Singhal A, Smith WS, Sorensen AG, Koroshetz WJ. An evidence-based causative classification system for acute ischemic stroke. Ann Neurol. 2005;58(5):688-697.<br /><br />Ay H, Benner T, Arsava EM, Furie KL, Singhal AB, Jensen MB, Ayata C, Towfighi A, Smith EE, Chong JY, Koroshetz WJ, Sorensen AG. A computerized algorithm for etiologic classification of ischemic stroke: the Causative Classification of Stroke System. Stroke. 2007;38(11):2979-2984.<br /><br />Ay H, Arsava EM, Johnston SC, Vangel M, Schwamm LH, Furie KL, Koroshetz WJ, Sorensen AG. Clinical- and imaging-based prediction of stroke risk after transient ischemic attack: the CIP model. Stroke. 2009;40(1):181-186.<br /><br />Arsava EM, Helenius J, Avery R, Sorgun MH, Kim GM, Pontes-Neto OM, Park KY, Rosand J, Vangel M, Ay H. Assessment of the Predictive Validity of Etiologic Stroke Classification. JAMA Neurol. 2017;74(4):419-426. Adult Supplemental 3.00 2013-06-21 00:00:00.0 Stroke Types and Subtypes Classification Disease/Injury Related Events

Single Pre-Defined Value Selected

CSV