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Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL)
Availability
The instrument is freely available here: Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia
*The K-SADS-PL does not require permission to use if:
1. It is for clinical use in a not-for-profit institution
2. It is being used as part of an IRB approved research protocol
 
All other uses require permission from the Author: joan.kaufman@yale.edu
Classification
Supplemental: Headache and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
 
Exploratory: Myalgic encephalomyelitis/Chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS), Sport-Related Concussion (SRC) Subacute (Subacute timeframe: after 72 hours to 3 months) and Persistent/Chronic (Persistent/Chronic timeframe: 3 months and greater post concussion)
Short Description of Instrument
The DSM-III-R and DSM-IV criteria describe the K-SADS-PL is a semi-structured diagnostic interview designed to assess current and past episodes of psychopathology in children and adolescents. Probes and objective criteria are provided to rate individual symptoms.
 
The primary diagnoses assessed with the K-SADS-PL include: Adjustment Disorders, Agoraphobia, Alcohol Abuse, Anorexia Nervosa, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Avoidant Disorder of Childhood and Adolescence, Bipolar Disorders, Brief Reactive Psychosis, Bulimia, Chronic Motor or Vocal Tic Disorder, Conduct Disorder, Cyclothymia, Dysthymia, Encopresis, Enuresis, Generalized Anxiety, Hypomania, Major Depression, Mania, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Overanxious Disorder, Panic Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorders, Schizophrenia, Schizophreniform Disorder, Separation Anxiety Disorder, Simple Phobia, Social Phobia, Substance Abuse, Tourette's Disorder, and Transient Tic Disorder.
 
The probes that are included in the instrument do not have to be recited verbatim, and they are provided to illustrate ways to elicit the information necessary to score each item. The interviewer should feel free to adjust the probes to the developmental level of the child, and use language supplied by the parent and child when querying about specific symptoms.
 
The K-SADS-PL is administered by interviewing the parent(s), the child, and then achieving summary ratings which include all sources of information (parent, child, school, chart, and other).
ME/CFS-Specific: This instrument is recommended if a research protocol needs to rule out psychiatric comorbidity in children and adolescents.
Scoring
It takes approximately 45-75 minutes to complete.
References
Kaufman J, Birmaher B, Brent D, Rao U, Flynn C, Moreci P, Williamson D, and Ryan N. Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children–Present and Lifetime version (K-SADS-PL): Initial reliability and validity data. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1997; 36(7):980–988.
 
 
Recommended Instrument for
Headache, ME/CFS, SRC and TBI
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