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NINDS CDE Notice of Copyright
Family Burden of Injury Interview (FBII)
Availability
Please email the authors for information about obtaining the instrument: Shari.Wade@cchmc.org
Classification
Supplemental:Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
 
Exploratory: Sport-Related Concussion (SRC) Subacute (after 72 hours to 3 months) and Persistent/Chronic (3 months and greater post concussion)
Short Description of Instrument
The Family Burden of Injury Interview (FBII) measures stress related to injury, with both a structured interview and self-report version available. The interview version has proven reliability and validity and has been used in TBI. The self-report version is undergoing psychometric analysis.
 
Sport-Related Concussion Specific: Assesses impact/stress on a family after injury. Not likely to be relevant in the acute stage post concussion. Advantages: It is well established and has satisfactory psychometric properties. Structured interview for parents to assess injury related stress and injury related family burden. Validity and reliability is well established. According to regression analysis it is predictive of PTSD. Approximately 20 minutes to complete. Dutch, German and Danish.
 
Disadvantages: (1) Takes 20 minutes to complete (2) self-report version not fully validated (3) translations not validated.  May not be as relevant in mild TBI. Most likely will reflect parents concerns of PCS and PTSD. No Spanish version appears to be available.
 
Age Range: For use with parents of school-age children
 
Scoring
Scores range from 0 (not at all stressful) to 4 (extremely stressful). Individual item scores are averaged across the questionnaire for a total score.
Psychometric Properties
The FBII has been used in numerous studies of recovery following TBI. Reliability and validity of this measure has been established. The FBII has been broadly used internationally; however, reliability and validity for the translated versions are lacking. The measure is freely available.
 
Data on approximately 300 families of children with TBI have been collected worldwide and are awaiting further psychometric analyses.
References
Burgess ES, Drotar D, Taylor HG, Wade S, Stancin T, Yeates KO. The family burden of injury interview: reliability and validity studies. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 1999;14(4):394–405.
 
Ganesalingam K, Yeates KO, Ginn MS, Taylor HG, Dietrich A, Nuss K, Wright M. Family burden and parental distress following mild traumatic brain injury in children and its relationship to post-concussive symptoms. J Pediatr Psychol. 2008;33(6):621–629.
 
Law M, Petrenchik T, King G, Hurley P. Perceived environmental barriers to recreational, community, and school participation for children and youth with physical disabilities. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2007;88(12):1636–1642.
 
Stancin T, Wade SL, Walz NC, Yeates KO, Taylor HG. Family adaptation 18 months after traumatic brain injury in early childhood. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2010;31(4):317–325.
 
Stancin T, Wade SL, Walz NC, Yeates KO, Taylor HG. Traumatic brain injuries in early childhood: initial impact on the family. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2008;29(4):253–261.
 
Taylor HG, Yeates KO, Wade SL, Drotar D, Stancin T, Burant C. Bidirectional child-family influences on outcomes of traumatic brain injury in children. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2001;7(6):755–767.
 
Taylor HG, Yeates KO, Wade SL, Drotar D, Klein SK, Stancin T. Influences on first-year recovery from traumatic brain injury in children. Neuropsychology. 1999;13(1):76–89.
 
Wade SL, Walz NC, Cassedy A, Taylor HG, Stancin T, Yeates KO. Caregiver functioning following early childhood TBI: do moms and dads respond differently? NeuroRehabilitation. 2010;27(1):63–72.
 
Wade SL, Stancin T, Taylor HG, Drotar D, Yeates KO, Minich NM. Interpersonal stressors and resources as predictors of parental adaptation following pediatric traumatic injury. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2004;72(5):776–784.
 
Wade SL, Taylor HG, Drotar D, Stancin T, Yeates KO, Minich NM. Parent-adolescent interactions after traumatic brain injury: their relationship to family adaptation and adolescent adjustment. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2003;18(2):164–176.
 
Wade SL, Taylor HG, Drotar D, Stancin T, Yeates KO. Family burden and adaptation during the initial year after traumatic brain injury in children. Pediatrics. 1998;102(1 Pt 1):110–116.
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