NINDS CDE Notice of Copyright
Hopkins Verbal Learning Test - Revised (HVLT-R)
Copyright belongs to PAR, Inc. For additional information and to order test materials, visit: Hopkins Verbal Language Test Revised Link
Supplemental – Highly Recommended: Epilepsy, Sport-Related Concussion (SRC) (Adults)
Supplemental: Huntington’s Disease (HD), and Stroke
Short Description of Instrument
Purpose: THE HVLT-R offers a brief assessment of verbal learning and memory (recognition and recall) for individuals 16 years and older. It is easy to administer and score and is well- tolerated even by significantly impaired individuals.
Overview: The HVLT-R requires recall of a series of 12 words over three learning trials, free recall after a delay, and a recognition trial.
Time: The assessment takes approximately 5-10 minutes with a 25-minute delay to complete and 2 minutes to score.
Scoring: Raw scores are derived for Total Recall, Delayed Recall, Retention (% retained), and a Recognition Discrimination Index
Psychometric Properties: The HVLT-R correlated most strongly with other tests of verbal memory and relatively weakly with a test of general intelligence. The construct validity of the HVLT-R has been shown relative to other standard list learning tasks, and it is sensitive to dementia. The HVLT-R has generally modest-to-low one-year test-retest stability for several key HVLT-R component process variables.
Advantages: Multiple alternate versions allowing retesting. Available literature in mild TBI and sports concussion.
Epilepsy Specific: While the HVLT is classified as a level C test, we suggest will follow the precedent of MATRICS, the NIMH multicenter initiative that uses the HVLT to assess memory. For this CDE we suggest that there be a neuropsychologist at one of the participating centers of a clinical trial/multicenter investigation who will serve as the consultant to entire group for training, quality control, and interpretation of results. The individual research centers do not need to have a designated psychologist or neuropsychologist for data acquisition phase of the project.
Comment: Memory problems are a common complaint as well as objective impairment on mental status testing. Verbal list learning is a robust assessment technique. The HVLT is an easily administered 12-item 3 learning trial verbal learning test with delayed recall and recognition memory testing. Advantages of the HVLT include a large normative base and several alternative forms. The test and norms are available in the public domain (see suggested reference) but can also be purchased commercially—but as a “C level test” consultation with a psychologist is recommended.
Brandt J. The Hopkins Verbal Learning Test: development of a new verbal memory test with six equivalent forms. Clinical Neuropsychologist. 1991;5(2):125–142.
Brandt, J. & Benedict, R. (2001). Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised: Professional Manual. PAR: Florida.
Hogervorst E, Combrinck M, Lapuerta P, Rue J, Swales K, Budge M. The Hopkins Verbal Learning Test and screening for dementia. Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 2002;13(1):13–20.
Lacritz, LH & Cullum, CM (1998). The HVLT and CVLT: A preliminary compassion. Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 1998;13:623–628.
Shapiro AM, Benedict RH, Schretlen D, Brandt J. Construct and concurrent validity of the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-revised. Clin Neuropsychol. 1999;13(3):348–358.
Strauss E, Sherman EMS, Spreen O. A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests: Administration, Norms, and Commentary, 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press; 2006, pp. 760–769.
Woods SP, Scott JC, Conover E, Marcotte TD, Heaton RK, Grant I; HIV Neurobehavioral Research Center Group. Test-retest reliability of component process variables within the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised. Assessment. 2005;12(1):96–100.
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