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Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY)
Availability
Please visit this website for more information about the instrument: Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY).
Classification
Supplemental – Highly Recommended: Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Short Description of Instrument
The Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY) examines participation frequency, extent of involvement, and desire for change in sets of activities typical for the home, school, or community. Items in the ‘Environment’ section examine perceived supports and barriers to participation within each setting.
Comments/Special Instructions
Can be used for children with and without disability ages 5 to 17 years.
Scoring
For home, school and community frequency of participation is an 8 point ordinal scale, involvement in activity 5 point ordinal scale and desire to change participation 6 point ordinal scale.
Rationale/Justification
Recommended for specific study designs where facilitators and barriers may impact the efficacy of an intervention outcome.
References
Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY): CanChild; 2013 [cited 2016 30 June]. Available from: https://www.canchild.ca/en/resources/248-participation-and-environment-measure-for-children-and-youth-pem-cy.
 
Coster W, Law M, Bedell G, Khetani M, Anaby D, Teplicky R, Lin C-Y. The Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY): An innovative measure for home, school and community: CanChild; 2013 [cited 2016 30 June]. Available from: https://canchild.ca/en/resources/228-the-participation-and-environment-measure-for-children-and-youth-pem-cy-an-innovative-measure-for-home-school-and-community.
 
Coster W, Law M, Bedell G, Khetani M, Cousins M, Teplicky R. Development of the participation and environment measure for children and youth: conceptual basis. Disabil Rehabil. 2012;34(3):238–246.
 
Coster W, Law M, Bedell G, Liljenquist K, Kao YC, Khetani M, Teplicky R. School participation, supports and barriers of students with and without disabilities. Child Care Health Dev. 2013;39(4):535–543.
 
Chien CW, Rodger S, Copley J, Skorka K. Comparative content review of children's participation measures using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014;95(1):141–152.
 
Bedell GM, Khetani MA, Cousins MA, Coster WJ, Law MC. Parent perspectives to inform development of measures of children's participation and environment. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2011;92(5):765–773.
 
Law M. Participation in the occupations of everyday life. Am J Occup Ther. 2002;56(6):640–649.
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