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Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) – Children’s Version
Availability
Please visit this website for the instrument: Epworth Sleepiness Scale Children’s Version.
Classification
Supplemental – Highly Recommended: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)-Pediatric
 
Supplemental: Sport-Related Concussion (SRC) Subacute (after 72 hours to 3 months), and Persistent/Chronic (3 months and greater post concussion)
 
Exploratory: Sport-Related Concussion (SRC) Acute (time of injury until 72 hours), Myalgic encephalomyelitis/Chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS)
Short Description of Instrument
The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) developed in 1991 is the most widely used subjective scale of daytime somnolence in adults. As with all subjective scales, participants may not recognize sleepiness, particularly when chronic.
 
The Children’s Version is similar to the ESS, except the comment regarding alcohol use has been removed and replaced by a question on homework/tests.
 
Translations are available in over 20 languages and the Scale can be completed in less than 5 minutes.
 
Easy to use and score as screening test for daytime sleepiness (obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and narcolepsy) rather than measuring sleep disturbance, phase shift or unrefreshing sleep.
 
Population: Children and adolescents 5–18
 
 
Scoring
Rated from 0–24, with high scores indicating worse sleepiness.
References
Johns MW. A new method for measuring daytime sleepiness: the Epworth sleepiness scale. Sleep. 1991;14(6):540–545.
 
Melendres MC, Lutz JM, Rubin ED, Marcus CL. Daytime sleepiness and hyperactivity in children with suspected sleep-disordered breathing. Pediatrics. 2004;114(3):768–775.
 
Meltzer LJ & Mindell JA. Sleep and sleep disorders in children and adolescents. Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2006;29(4):1059–1076.
 
Neu D, Hoffmann G, Moutrier R, Verbanck P, Linkowski P, Le Bon O. Are patients with chronic fatigue syndrome just 'tired' or also 'sleepy'? J Sleep Res. 2008;17(4):427–431.
Recommended Instrument for
ME/CFS, SCI-Pediatric, and SRC
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