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Shape School
Availability
Please email the author for information about obtaining the instrument: kespy@email.arizona.edu
Classification
Supplemental: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Short Description of Instrument
The Shape School examines inhibition and switching processes in children. The measure uses a storybook design with colors, facial expressions and shapes that a child, ages 36, would know. The Shape School involves four conditions: control, inhibit, switch and both. Each condition includes 15 figures.
 
Administration  time  is  approximately  one  hour:  closer  to  45  minutes  for younger children and 75 minutes for older children.
Scoring
The dependent measure for each condition was an efficiency score, calculated from accuracy indexes and naming speed [efficiency = (the number of correct - the number of errors) / total time].
Comments
Appropriate for children aged 3 to 6 years.
Rationale/Justification
“This measure has excellent potential to elucidate emerging executive functions in young children.” – McCauley et al. 2012
References
Espy, K. (1997). The Shape School: Assessing executive function in preschool children. Dev Neuropsychol 13, 495-499.
 
Other references:
 
McCauley SR, Wilde EA, Anderson VA, Bedell G, Beers SR, Campbell TF, Chapman SB, Ewing-Cobbs L, Gerring JP, Gioia GA, Levin HS, Michaud LJ, Prasad MR, Swaine BR, Turkstra LS, Wade SL, Yeates KO; Pediatric TBI Outcomes Workgroup. Recommendations for the use of common outcome measures in pediatric traumatic brain injury research. J Neurotrauma. 2012;29(4):678–705.
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