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Moorong Self-Efficacy Scale (MSES)
Please visit this website for more information about the instrument: Moorong Self-Efficacy Scale (MSES)
Supplemental: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)
Note: Not recommended for SCI-Pediatric (no child data; normed with adults only)
Short Description of Instrument
The MSES is a 16-item measure used to assess self-efficacy in performing activities of daily living among individuals with SCI.
Developed to measure self-efficacy in performing functional activities of daily living in individuals with SCI.
Consists of two factors: daily activities (e.g., I can maintain my personal hygiene with or without help), and social functioning (e.g., I can enjoy spending time with my friends).
Scoring and Psychometric Properties
Participants rate their ability to complete certain tasks on a seven point-scalewith 1 as "very uncertain " to 7 as "very certain." Scores range from 16 to 112with higher scores indicating higher self efficacy.
For the factor or subscale scores, add:
- for factor “Daily Activities/Instrumental Self-efficacy” subscale score: sumthe 7 items (good health, work, accomplishing things, personal hygiene,persistence in learning things, fulfilling lifestyle, household participation)
-for factor “Social Functioning/Interpersonal Self-efficacy” subscale score:sum the 8 items (maintaining contact, friends, family relationships,unexpected problems, fulfilling lifestyle, leisure, accomplishing things,household participation).
Psychometric Properties:
Factorial and concurrent validity of the MSES as a self-efficacy measure forpeople with SCI were verified by a study (Miller 2009) in which participantscompleted the MSES along with other scales: the Satisfaction with Life Scale(SWLS); Personal Resources-2000 (PRQ-2000); and the Center forEpidemiologocal Studies – Depression Scale – 10 item version (CESD-10). MSESscores were significantly related to the other scales:SWLS: r = 0.51, p < 0.001PRQ-2000: r = 0.56, p < 0.001CESD-10: r = -0.54, p < 0.001
Brooks J, Miller Smedema S, Tu W-M, Eagle D, Catalano D, Chan F PsychometricValidation of the Moorong Self-Efficacy Scale in People With Spinal Cord Injury:A Brief Report. 2014; Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, Dec., 1-4. DOI:10.1177/0034355214523506.
Middleton JW, Tate RL, Geraghty TJ. Self-Efficacy and Spinal Cord Injury:Psychometric Properties of a New Scale. Rehab Psychol, 2003; 48(4), 281–288.
Miller SM, The measurement of self-efficacy in persons with spinal cord injury:psychometric validation of the moorong self-efficacy scale. 2009; DisabilRehabil, 31(12), 988–993.
Munce SE, Straus SE, Fehlings MG, Voth J, Nugaeva N, Jang E, Webster F, JaglalSB. Impact of psychological characteristics in self-management in individualswith traumatic spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 2016 Jan;54(1):29-33. doi:10.1038/sc.2015.91. Epub 2015 Jun 9. PMID: 26055818 Review: Noonan V,Chan C. 2013. Moorong Self-Efficacy Scale (MSES). Retrieved from
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