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International Prostate Symptom Scale (IPSS)
Availability
Please visit this website for more information about the instrument: International Prostate Symptom Scale
Classification
Supplemental for Parkinson’s Disease (PD)
Short Description of Instrument
The International Prostate Symptom Scale (IPSS) has become the international standard questionnaire used for assessing lower urinary tract symptoms in men but it is also valid and reliable for women as well.
 
The IPSS is essentially the AUA-7 scale (American Urological Association -7, developed by the American Urological Association in 1992) plus an eighth question on quality of life (QOL).
Scoring
The IPSS is scored from 0-35, with higher scores indicating more and more severe symptoms. Nocturia is scored from 0 to 5 (five or more times per night) as the actual voiding frequency per night.
 
Other symptoms are scored on a frequency scale from 0 to 5: 0 (not at all); 1 (less than once every five times); 2 (less than half the time); 3 (about half the time); 4 (more than half the time); and 5 (almost always). The scores for each item are summed.
References
(IPSS) van Venrooij GEPM, Boon TA, and de Gier RPE. International Prostate Symptom Score and Quality of Life Assessment Versus Urodynamic Parameters in Men with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Symptoms. The Journal of Urology1995; 153(5):1516-9.
 
(AUA-7, predecessor to IPSS) Barry MJ, et al. (1992). American Urological Association symptom index for benign prostatic hyperplasia. Journal of Urology, 148(5): 1549–1557.
 
(IPSS in women) Kikuo Okamura, Yoshikatsu Nojiri, Yoko Osuga, Chikako Tange, Psychometric Analysis of International Prostate Symptom Score for Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms, Urology, Volume 73, Issue 6, June 2009, Pages 1199-1202, ISSN 0090-4295, DOI: 10.1016/j.urology.2009.01.054. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VJW-4W2V4H4-D/2/0a2c0e65f8dd4d78a28090883a01da3a)
 
(IPSS in PD) Araki I, Kuno S. Assessment of voiding dysfunction in Parkinson's disease by the international prostate symptom score. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry2000 April 1, 2000;68(4):429-33.
 
(IPSS language translation) X. Badia, M. Garcia-Losa and R. Dal-Re, Ten-language translation and harmonization of the international prostate symptom score: developing a methodology for multinational clinical trials, Eur Urol 31 (1997), pp. 129–140.
 
(IPSS language translation) Y. Homma, T. Tsukamoto and K. Yasuda et al., Evaluation of psychometric properties of Japanese version of international prostate symptom score and BPH index (Japanese), Jpn J Urol 94 (2003), pp. 560–569.
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