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The National Health and Nutrition Examination Chemical Senses-Taste and Smell Questionnaire (NHANES CSQ)
Availability
The instrument is freely available here: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Chemical Senses-Taste and Smell Questionnaire (NHANES CSQ)
 
Classification
Supplemental
Short Description of Instrument
The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is a program of studies designed to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. The NHANES is a major part of the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) which is part of the Center for Disease Control (CDC).
 
The NHANES interview includes demographic, socioeconomic, dietary, and health-related questions. The examination component consists of medical, dental, and physiological measurements, as well as laboratory tests administered by highly trained medical personnel.
Scoring
Questions with multiple response options can be grouped into categories for analysis or analyzed independently with other outcome measures. There is no overall score.
References
Duffy VB, Doty RL, Hayes JE, Rawal S, Hoffman HJ. A Chemosensory Component in the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES): Adults Ages 40+ Years. Abstract Book. Chem Senses. 2012; p. 29. Available at: PLEASE  CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION
 
Gilbert AN, Wysocki CJ. The smell survey results. Natl Geogr Mag. 1987; 172: 514-525.
 
Healthy People 2020. Hearing and Other Sensory or Communication Disorders (Ear, Nose, and Throat-Voice, Speech and Language; [ENT–VSL]) Draft Objectives: ENT-VSL HP2020–16; 17; 18; and PLEASE CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION. Accessed September 19, 2010.
 
Hoffman HJ, Ishii EK, and MacTurk RH. Age-related changes in the prevalence of smell/taste problems among the United States adult population: results of the 1994 disability supplement to the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). Ann NY Acad Sci. 1998; 855: 716-722.
 
Mackey-Sim A. Neurogenesis in the adult olfactory neuroepithelium. In: Doty, R.L. (ed). Handbook of Olfaction and Gustation, 2nd ed. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc., 2003; 93-113.
 
Murphy C, Schubert CR, Cruickshanks KJ, Klein BE, Klein R, Nondahl DM.  Prevalence of olfactory impairment in older adults. JAMA. 2002; 288(18): 2307–2312.
 
Santos DV, Reiter ER, DiNardo LJ, Costanzo RM.  Hazardous events associated with impaired olfactory function.  Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004; 130: 317–319.
 
Schiffman SS. Taste and smell losses in normal aging and disease. JAMA. 1997; 278: 1357-1362.
 
Ship JA, Weiffenbach JM.  Age, gender, medical treatment, and medication effects on smell identification.  J Gerontol. 1993; 48: 26-32.
 
Vennemann, M.M., Hummel, T., and Berger, K. (2008). The association between smoking and smell and taste impairment in the general population. J Neurol. 255: 1121-1126.
 
Wrobel BB, Leopold DA.  Clinical assessment of patients with smell and taste disorders. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2004 Dec; 37(6): 1127-1142.
 
About the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey PLEASE CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION
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