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Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning, Second Edition (WRAML-2)
Availability
Please visit this website for more information about the instrument: Wide Range of Memory and Learning Second Edition
Classification
Supplemental: Cerebral Palsy (CP), Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Neuromuscular Disease (NMD), Sport-Related Concussion (SRC) Subacute (after 72 hours to 3 months) and Persistent/Chronic (3 months and greater post concussion), and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI).
Short Description of Instrument
Benefit: Provides an integrated set of memory tests that can be used across a life span.
 
Ages/Grade: 5 to 90 years.
 
Administration Time: Less than 60 minutes for core battery; 10 to 15 minutes for Memory Screening Form.
 
Format: Individually administered memory, delayed recall, and recognition tasks.
 
Scores: Index and subtest scores that can be converted to standard scores and percentiles for age-based performance comparisons.
 
Sport-Related Concussion Specific:
 
Advantage: This comprehensive memory measure is widely used in traumatic brain injury, though more often with children with moderate to severe levels of impairment. It includes a screening method and more in depth tests of learning, recall, and recognition.
 
Limitations: More often used in samples with mixed severity rather than concussion.
References
Sheslow D & Adams W. (2003). Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning-- Revised (WRAML-2). Administration and Technical Manual. Wide Range, Inc: Wilmington, DE.
 
Donders J& Hoffman N. Gender differences in learning and memory after pediatric traumatic brain injury. Neuropsychol. 2002;16(4):491–499.
 
Farmer J, Haut J, Williams J, Kapila C, Johnstone B, Kirk K. Comprehensive assessment of memory functioning following traumatic brain injury in children. Dev Neuropsychol. 1999;15(2):269–289.
 
Williams J& Haut J. Differential performances on the WRAML in children and adolescents diagnosed with epilepsy, head injury and substance abuse. Dev Neuropsychol. 1995;11(2):201–213.
 
Woodward H& Donders J. The performance of children with traumatic head injury on the Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning--Screening. Appl Neuropsychol. 1998;5(3):113–119.
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