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CDE Detailed Report
This report contains detailed information about the selected CDEs.
Note: If at least one CDE was selected from a copyright- or trademark-protected instrument/scale then all of the CDEs from that instrument/scale are included in this report.
Disease: Parkinson's Disease
Sub-Domain: Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
CRF: Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Item count: 34 (34 distinct CDEs)
CDE ID
CDE Name
Variable Name
Definition / Description
Question Text
Permissible Value
Description
Data Type
Instructions
References
Population
Classification (e.g., Core)
Version #
Version Date
Aliases for Variable Name
CRF Module / Guideline
© or TM
Sub-Domain
Domain
Previous Title
Size
Input Restrictions
Min Value
Max Value
Measurement Type
LOINC ID
SNOMED
caDSR ID
CDISC ID
C09479
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - aggressive agitated behavior scale
SAPSAggAgitBehavScale
Subject's likelihood in partaking in aggressive behavior, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
The subject may behave in an aggressive, agitated manner, often quite unpredictably. He may start arguments inappropriately with friends or members of his family, or he may accost strangers on the street and begin haranguing them angrily. He may write letters of a threatening or angry nature to government officials or others with whom he has some quarrel. Occasionally, subjects may perform violent acts such as injuring or tormenting animals, or attempting to injure of kill human beings. Have you ever done anything to try to harm animals or people? Have you felt angry with anyone? How did you express your anger?
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Occasional instances;Moderate: For example, writing angry letters to strangers;Marked: For example, threatening people, public harangues;Severe: For example, mutilating animals, attacking people;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Move Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Aggressive and Agitated Behavior
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09480
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - auditory hallucinations scale
SAPSAuditHallucScale
Subject's likelihood of hearing voices that are not actually there, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
The subject has reported voices, noises, or sounds. The commonest auditory hallucinations involve hearing voices speaking to the subject or calling him names. The voices may be male or female, familiar or unfamiliar, and critical or complimentary. Typically, subjects suffering from schizophrenia experience the voices as unpleasant and negative. Hallucinations involving sounds rather than voices, such as noises or music, should be considered less characteristic and less severe.
Have you ever heard voices or other sounds when no one is around?
What did they say?
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Subject hears noises or single words, they occur only occasionally;Moderate: Clear evidence of voices, they have occurred at least weekly;Marked: Clear evidence of voices which occur almost everyday;Severe: Voices occur often every day;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Auditory hallucinations
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09481
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - circumstantiality scale
SAPSCircumstanScale
Subject's likelihood of hearing voices that are commenting on his activities that are not actually there, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
Circumstantiality
A pattern of speech which is very indirect and delayed in reaching its goal idea. In the process of explaining something, the speaker brings in many tedious details and sometimes makes parenthetical remarks. Circumstantial replies or statements may last for many minutes if the speaker is not interrupted and urged to get to the point. Interviewers will often recognize circumstantiality on the basis of needing to interrupt the speaker in order to complete the process of historytaking within an allotted time. When not called circumstantial, these people are often referred to as "long-winded."
Exclusions: Although it may coexist with instances of poverty of content of speech or loss of goal, it differs from poverty of content of speech in containing excessive amplifying or illustrative detail and from loss of goal in that the goal is eventually reached if the person is allowed to talk long enough. It differs from derailment in that the details presented are closely related to some particular goal or idea and that the particular goal or idea must be, by definition, eventually reached.
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Occasional instances of circumstantiality;Moderate: Frequent instances of circumstantiality;Marked: At least half of subject's speech is circumstantial;Severe: Most of the subject's speech is circumstantial;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Circumstantiality
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09482
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - clanging scale
SAPSClangScale
Subject's likelihood of partaking in a pattern of speech which sounds rather than meaningful relationships appear to govern word choice, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
A pattern of speech in which sounds rather than meaningful relationships appear to govern work choice, so that the intelligibility of the speech is impaired and redundant words are introduced. Example: I'm not trying to make a noise. I'm trying to make sense. If you can make sense out of nonsense,
well, have fun. I'm trying to make sense out of sense.
I'm not making sense (cents) anymore. I have to make
dollars."
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Occurs once during an interview;Moderate: Occurs two to four times during an interview;Marked: Occurs five to ten times during an interview;Severe: Occurs more than ten times, or so frequently that the interview is incomprehensible;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Clanging
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09483
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - clothing appearance scale
SAPSClothAppearScale
Subject's likelihood to dress in an unusual manner or alter his or her appearance in a strange way, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
The subject dresses in an unusual manner or does other strange things to alter his appearance. For example, he may shave off all his hair or paint parts of his body different colors. His clothing may be quite unusual; for example, he may choose to wear some outfit that appears generally inappropriate and unacceptable, such as a baseball cap backwards with rubber galoshes and long underwear covered by denim overalls. He may dress in a fantastic costume representing some historical personage or a man from outer space. He may wear clothing completely inappropriate to the climatic conditions, such as heavy wools in the midst of summer.
Has anyone made comments about your appearance?
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Occasional oddities of dress or appearance;Moderate: Appearance or apparel are clearly unusual and would attract attention;Marked: Appearance or apparel are markedly odd;Severe: Subject's appearance or apparel are very fantastic or bizarre;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Clothing and Appearance
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09484
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - delusion being controlled scale
SAPSDelusBengContrScale
Subject's likelihood to believe that thoughts have been extracted from his mind, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
The subject has a subjective experience that his feelings or actions are controlled by some outside force. The central requirement for this type of delusion is an actual strong subjective experience of being controlled. It does not include simple beliefs or ideas, such as that the subject is acting as an agent of God or that friends or parents are trying to coerce him to do something. Rather, the subject must describe, for example, that his body has been occupied by some alien force that is making it move in peculiar ways, or that messages are being sent to his brain by radio waves and causing him to experience particular feelings that he recognizes are not his own.
Have you ever felt you were being controlled by some outside force?
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Subject has experienced being controlled, but doubts it occasionally;Moderate: Clear experience of control, which has occurred on two or three occasions in a week;Marked: Clear experience of control, which occurs frequently. Behavior may be affected.;Severe: Clear experience of control which occurs frequently, pervades the subject's life and often affects his behavior;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Delusions of being controlled
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09485
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - delusion jealousy scale
SAPSDelusJealScale
Subject's likelihood to believe that his mate is having an affair, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
Delusions of Jealousy
The subject believes that his/her mate is having an affair with someone. Miscellaneous bits of information are construed as "evidence". The person usually goes to great effort to prove the existence of the affair, searching for hair in the bedclothes, the odor of shaving lotion or smoke on clothing, or receipts or checks indicating a gift has been bought for the lover. Elaborate plans are often made in order to trap the two together.
Have you ever worried that your husband (wife) might be unfaithful to you?
What evidence do you have?
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Delusion definitely present but, at times, the subject questions the belief;Moderate: Clear consistent delusion that is firmly held;Marked: Consistent, firmly-held delusion that the subject acts on;Severe: Delusions are complex, wellformed, and pervasive. They are firmly held and have a major effect on the subject's behavior. They may be somewhat bizarre or unusual;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Delusions of jealousy
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09486
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - delusion mind read scale
SAPSDelMndReadScale
Subject's likelihood to believe that people can read his mind, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
Delusions of Mind Reading
The subject believes that people can read his mind or know his thoughts. This is different than thought broadcasting (see below) in that it is a belief without a percept. That is, the subject subjectively experiences and recognizes that others know his thoughts, but he does not think that they can be heard out loud.
Have you ever had the feeling that people could read your mind?
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Subject has experienced mind reading, but doubts it occasionally;Moderate: Clear experience of mind reading which has occurred on two or three occasions in a week;Marked: Clear experience of mind reading which occurs frequently. Behavior may be affected;Severe: Clear experience of mind reading which occurs frequently, pervades the subject's life, and often affects his behavior;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Delusions of mind reading
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09487
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - delusion sin guilt scale
SAPSDelSinGultScale
Subject's likelihood to believe that he has committed a terrible sin, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
Delusions of Sin or Guilt
The subject believes that he has committed some terrible sin or done something unforgivable. Sometimes the subject is excessively or inappropriately preoccupied with things he did wrong as a child, such as masturbating. Sometimes the subject feels responsible for causing some disastrous event, such as a fire or accident, with which he in fact has no connection. Sometimes these delusions may have a religious flavor, involving the belief that the sin is unpardonable and that the subject will suffer eternal punishment from God. Sometimes the subject simply believes that he deserves punishment by society. The subject may spend a good deal of time confessing these sins to whomever will listen.
Have you ever felt that you have done some terrible thing that you deserve to be punished for?
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Delusional beliefs may be simple and may be of several different types. Subject may question them occasionally;Moderate: Clear consistent delusion that is firmly held;Marked: Consistent, firmly-held delusion that the subject acts on;Severe: Delusions are complex, wellformed, and pervasive. They are firmly held and have a major effect on the subject's behavior. They may be somewhat bizarre or unusual;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Delusions of sin or guilt
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09488
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - derailment loose association scale
SAPSDerLosAsscScale
Subject's likelihood to participate in speech derailment and loose associations, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
Derailment (Loose Associations)
A pattern of spontaneous speech in which the ideas slip off one track onto another which is clearly but obliquely related, or onto one which is completely unrelated. Things may be said in juxaposition which lack a meaningful relationship, or the subject may shift idiosyncratically from one frame of reference to another. At times there may be a vague connection between the ideas, and at others none will be apparent. This pattern of speech is often characterized as sounding "disjointed." Perhaps the commonest manifestation of this disorder is a slow, steady slippage, with no single derailment being particularly severe, so that the speaker gets farther and farther off the track with each derailment without showing any awareness that his reply no longer has any connection with the question which was asked. This abnormality is often characterized by lack of cohesion between clauses and sentences and by unclear pronoun references.
Example: Interviewer: "Did you enjoy college?" Subject: "Um-hum. Oh hey well, I oh, I really enjoyed some communities I tried it, and the, and the next day when I'd be going out, you know, um, I took control like uh, I put, um, bleach on my hair in, in California. My roommate was from Chicago, and she was going to the junior college. And we lived in the Y.M.C.A., so she wanted to put it, um, peroxide on my hair, and she did, and I got up and looked at the mirror and tears came to my eyes. Now do you understand it, I was fully aware of what was going on but why couldn't I, I . . . Why, why the tears? I can't understand that, can you?"
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Occasional instances of derailment, with only slight topic shifts;Moderate: Several instances of derailment. Subject is sometimes difficult to follow;Marked: Frequent instances of derailment. Subject is often difficult to follow;Severe: Derailment so frequent and/or extreme that the subject's speech is almost incomprehensible;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Derailment - Loose Associations
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09489
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - distractible speech scale
SAPSDistrSpchScale
Subject's likelihood to partake in distractible speech, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
During the course of a discussion or interview, the subject stops talking in the middle of a sentence or idea and changes the subject in response to a nearby stimulus, such as an object on a desk, etc.
Example: "Then I left San Francisco and moved to . . . Where did you get that tie? It looks like it's left over from the 50's. I like the warm weather in San Diego. Is that a conch shell on your desk? Have you ever gone scuba diving?
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Is distracted once during an interview;Moderate: Is distracted from two to four times during an interview;Marked: Is distracted from five to ten times during an interview;Severe: Is distracted more than ten times during an interview;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Distractable Speech
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09490
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - global rating of positive formal thought disorder scale
SAPSGlblRatPosFormlThghtDisScl
Subject's global rating of positive formal thought disorder, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
In making this rating, the interviewer should consider the type of abnormality, the degree to which it affects the subject's ability to communicate, the frequency with which abnormal speech occurs, and its degree of severity.
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Occasional instances of disorder. Subject's speech is understandable;Moderate: Frequent instances of disorder. Subject is sometimes hard to understand;Marked: Subject is often difficult to understand;Severe: Subject is incomprehensible;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Global Rating of Positive Formal Thought Disorder
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09491
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - global rating of severity of bizarre behavior scale
SAPSGlbRatSevBizBehvScale
Subject's global rating of severity of bizarre behavior, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
In making this rating, the interviewer should consider the type of behavior, the extent to which it deviates from social norms, the subject's awareness of the degree to which the behavior is deviant, and the extent to which it is obviously bizarre.
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Occasional instances of unusual or apparently idiosyncratic behavior, subject usually has some insight;Moderate: Behavior which is clearly deviant from social norms and seems somewhat bizarre. Subject may have some insight;Marked: Behavior which is markedly deviant from social norms and clearly bizarre. Subject may have some insight;Severe: Behavior which is extremely bizarre or fantastic. May include a single extreme act, e.g., attempting murder. Subject usually lacks insight.;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Global Rating of Severity of Bizarre Behavior
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09492
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - global rating of severity of delusions scale
SAPSGlbRatSevDelScale
Subject's global rating based on duration, persistence, and preoccupation with delusions, degree of conviction, and effect on his actions, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
The global rating should be based on duration and persistence of delusions, the extent of the subject's preoccupation with the delusions, his degree of conviction, and their effect on his actions. Also consider the extent to which the delusions might be considered bizarre or unusual. Delusions not mentioned above should be included in this rating.
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Delusion definitely present but, at times, the subject questions the belief;Moderate: The subject is convinced of the belief, but it may occur infrequently and have little effect on his behavior;Marked: The delusion is firmly held. It occurs frequently and affects the subject's behavior;Severe: Delusions are complex, wellformed, and pervasive. They are firmly held and have a major effect on the subject's behavior. They may be somewhat bizarre or unusual;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Global Rating of Severity of Delusions
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09493
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - global rating severe hallucination scale
SAPSGlbRatSevHallcScale
Subject's global rating based on duration, preoccupation, and severity of hallucinations, degree of conviction, and effect on his actions, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
This global rating should be based on the duration and severity of hallucinations, the extent of the subject's preoccupation with the hallucinations, his degree of conviction, and their effect on his actions. Also consider the extent to which the hallucinations might be considered bizarre or unusual. Hallucinations not mentioned above, such as those involving taste, should be included in this rating.
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Hallucinations definitely present, but occur infrequently. At times the subject may question their existence;Moderate: Hallucinations are vivid and occur occasionally. They may bother him to some extent;Marked: Hallucinations are quite vivid, occur frequently, and pervade his life;Severe: Hallucinations occur almost daily and are sometimes unusual or bizarre. They are very vivid and extremely troubling;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Global Rating of Severity of Hallucinations
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09494
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - grandiose delusion scale
SAPSGrandDelScale
Subject's likelihood to participate in grandiose delusions, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
The subject believes that he has special powers or abilities. He may think he is actually some famous personage, such as a rock star, Napoleon, or Christ. He may believe he is writing some definitive book, composing a great piece of music, or developing some wonderful new invention. The subject is often suspicious that someone is trying to steal his ideas, and he may become quite irritable if his ideas are doubted.
Do you have any special or unusual abilities or talents?
Do you feel you are going to achieve great things?
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Delusional beliefs may be simple and may be of several different types. Subject may question them occasionally;Moderate: Clear consistent delusion that is firmly held;Marked: Consistent, firmly-held delusion that the subject acts on;Severe: Complex, well-formed delusion that the subject acts on and that preoccupies him a great deal of the time. Some aspects of the delusion or his reaction may seem quite bizarre;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Grandiose Delusions
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09495
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - ideas delusion reference scale
SAPSIdeaDelRefScale
The subject believes that insignificant remarks, statements, or events refer to him or have some special meaning for him, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
The subject believes that insignificant remarks, statements, or events refer to him or have some special meaning for him. For example, the subject walks into a room, sees people laughing, and suspects that they were just talking about him and laughing at him. Sometimes items read in the paper, heard on the radio, or seen on television are considered to be special messages to the subject. In the case of ideas of reference, the subject is suspicious, but recognizes his idea is erroneous. When the subject actually believes that the statements or events refer to him, then this is considered a delusion of reference.
Have you ever walked into a room and thought people were talking about you or laughing at you?
Have you seen things in magazines or on TV that seem to refer to you or contain a special message for you?
Have people communicated with you in any unusual ways?
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Occasional ideas of reference;Moderate: Have occurred at least weekly;Marked: Occurs at least two to four times weekly;Severe: Occurs frequently;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Ideas and Delusions of Reference
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09496
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - illogicality scale
SAPSIllgcltyScale
Subject's likelihood of partaking in a pattern of speech in which conclusions are reached which do not follow logically, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
A pattern of speech in which conclusions are reached which do not follow logically. This may take the form of non-sequiturs (= it does not follow), in which the subject makes a logical inference between two clauses which is unwarranted or illogical. It may take the form of faulty inductive inferences. It may also take the form of reaching conclusions based on faulty premises without any actual delusional thinking.
Exclusions: Illogicality may either lead to or result from delusional beliefs. When illogical thinking occurs within the context of a delusional system, it should be subsumed under the concept of delusions and not considered a separate phenomenon representing a different type of thinking disorder. Illogical thinking which is clearly due to cultural or religious values or to intellectual deficit should also be excluded.
Example: "Parents are the people that raise you. Any thing that raises you can be a parent. Parents can be anything -- material, vegetable, or mineral -- that has taught you something. Parents would be the world of things that are alive, that are there. Rocks -- a person can look at a rock and learn something from it, so that would be a parent."
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Occasional instances of illogicality;Moderate: Frequent instances of illogicality (three or four times);Marked: Much of the subject's speech is illogical (more than four times);Severe: Most of the subject's speech is illogical;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Illogicality
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09497
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - incoherence word salad schizophasia scale
SAPSInchWordSalSchizopScale
Subject's likelihood to participate in a pattern of speech which is essentially incomprehensible at times, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
A pattern of speech which is essentially incomprehensible at times. Incoherence is often accompanied by derailment. It differs from derailment in that in incoherence the abnormality occurs within the level of the sentence or clause, which contains words or phrases that are joined incoherently. The abnormality in derailment involves unclear or confusing connections between larger units, such as sentences or clauses. This type of language disorder is relatively rare. When it occurs, it tends to be severe or extreme, and mild forms are quite uncommon. It may sound quite similar to Wernicke's aphasia or jargon aphasia, and in these cases the disorder should only be called incoherence when history and laboratory data exclude the possibility of a past stroke, and formal testing for aphasia is negative.
Exclusions: Mildly ungrammatical constructions or idiomatic usages characteristic of particular regional or ethnic backgrounds, lack of education, or low intelligence.
Example: Interviewer: "What do you think about current political issues like the energy crisis?" Subject: "They're destroying too many cattle and oil just to make soap. If we need soap when you can jump into a pool of water, and then when you go to buy your gasoline, my folks always thought they should, get pop but the best thing to get, is motor oil, and, money. May, may as well go there and, trade in some, pop caps and, uh, tires, and tractors to group, car garages, so they can pull cars away from wrecks, is what I believed in."
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Occasional instances of incoherence;Moderate: Frequent bursts of incoherence;Marked: At least half of the subject's speech is incomprehensible;Severe: Almost all of the subject's speech is incomprehensible;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Incoherence - word salad, schizophasia
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09498
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - olfactory hallucinations scale
SAPSOlfHallcScale
Subject likelihood to experience unusual smells which are typically quite unpleasant, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
Have you ever experienced any unusual smells or smells that others do not notice? What were they? The subject experiences unusual smells which are typically quite unpleasant. Sometimes the subject may believe that he himself smells. This belief should be scored here if the subject can actually smell the odor himself, but should be scored among delusions if he only believes that others can smell the odor.
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Subject experiences unusual smells. They occur only occasionally;Moderate: Clear evidence of olfactory hallucinations. They have occurred at least weekly;Marked: Clear evidence of olfactory hallucinations. They occur almost every day;Severe: Olfactory hallucinations occur often every day;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Olfactory hallucinations
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09499
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - persecutory delusion scale
SAPSPersctryDelScale
Subject's likelihood to believe that people are conspiring against him, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
People suffering from persecutory delusions believe that they are being conspired against or persecuted in some way. Common manifestations include the belief that one is being followed, that one's mail is being opened, that one's room or office is bugged, that the telephone is tapped, or that police, government officials, neighbors, or fellow workers are harassing the subject. Persecutory delusions are sometimes relatively isolated or fragmented, but sometimes the subject has a complex set of delusions involving both a wide range of forms of persecution and a belief that there is a well-designed conspiracy behind them. For example, a subject may believe that his house is bugged and that he is being followed because the government wrongly considers him a secret agent for a foreign government; this delusion may be so complex that it explains almost everything that happens to him. The ratings of severity should be based on duration and complexity.
Have people been bothering you in any way?
Have you felt that people are against you?
Has anyone been trying to harm you in any way?
Has anyone been watching or monitoring you?
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Delusional beliefs may be simple and may be of several different types. Subject may question them occasionally;Moderate: Clear consistent delusion that is firmly held;Marked: Consistent, firmly-held delusion that the subject acts on;Severe: Complex, well-formed delusion that the subject acts on and that preoccupies him a great deal of the time. Some aspects of the delusion or his reaction may seem quite bizarre;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Persecutory Delusions
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09500
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - pressured speech scale
SAPSPresSpchScale
Subject's likelihood to have an increase in the amount of spontaneous speech, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
An increase in the amount of spontaneous speech as compared to what is considered ordinary or socially customary. The subject talks rapidly and is difficult to interrupt. Some sentences may be left uncompleted because of eagerness to get on to a new idea. Simple questions which could be answered in only a few words or sentences are answered at great length so that the answer takes minutes rather than seconds and indeed may not stop at all if the speaker is not interrupted. Even when interrupted, the speaker often continues to talk. Speech tends to be loud and emphatic. Sometimes speakers with severe pressure will talk without any social stimulation and talk even though no one is listening. When subjects are receiving phenothiazines or lithium, their speech is often slowed down by medication, and then it can be judged only on the basis of amount, volume, and social appropriateness. If a quantitative measure is applied to the rate of speech, then a rate greater than 150 words per minute is usually considered rapid or pressured. This disorder may be accompanied by derailment, tangentiality, or incoherence, but it is distinct from them.
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Slight pressure of speech. Some slight increase in amount, speed, or loudness of speech;Moderate: Usually takes several minutes to answer simple questions, may talk when no one is listening, and/or speaks loudly and rapidly;Marked: Frequently talks as much as three minutes to answer simple questions. Sometimes begins talking without social stimulation. Difficult to interrupt;Severe: Subject talks almost continually, cannot be interrupted at all, and/or may shout to drown out the speech of others;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Pressure of Speech
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09501
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - religious delusion scale
SAPSRelgDelScale
Subject's likelihood to be preoccupied with false beliefs of a religious nature, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
The subject is preoccupied with false beliefs of a religious nature. Sometimes these exist within the context of a conventional religious system, such as beliefs about the Second Coming, the Antichrist, or possession by the Devil. At other times, they may involve an entirely new religious system or a pastiche of beliefs from a variety of religions, particularly Eastern religions, such as ideas about reincarnation or Nirvana. Religious delusions may be combined with grandiose delusions (if the subject considers himself a religious leader), delusions of guilt, or delusions of being controlled. Religious delusions must be outside the range considered normal for the subject's cultural and religious background.
Are you a religious person?
Have you had any unusual religious experiences?
What was your religious training as a child?
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Delusional beliefs may be simple and may be of several different types. Subject may question them occasionally;Moderate: Clear consistent delusion that is firmly held;Marked: Consistent, firmly-held delusion that the subject acts on;Severe: Complex, well-formed delusion that the subject acts on and that preoccupies him a great deal of the time. Some aspects of the delusion or his reaction may seem quite bizarre;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Religious Delusions
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09502
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - repetitive stereotypical behavior scale
SAPSReptSterBehScale
Subject's likelihood to develop a set of repetitive actions or rituals that he must perform over and over, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
The subject may develop a set of repetitive actions or rituals that he must perform over and over. Frequently, he will attribute some symbolic significance to these actions and believe that they are either influencing others or preventing himself from being influenced. For example, he may eat jelly beans every night for dessert, assuming that different consequences will occur depending on the color of the jelly beans. He may have to eat foods in a particular order, wear particular clothes, or put them on in a certain order. He may have to write messages to himself or to others over and over; sometimes this will be in an unusual or occult language.
Are there any things that you feel you have to do?
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Occasional instances of ritualistic or stereotyped behavior;Moderate: For example, eating or dressing rituals lacking symbolic significance;Marked: For example, eating or dressing rituals with a symbolic significance;Severe: For example, keeping a diary in an incomprehensible language;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Repetitive or Stereotypical Behavior
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09503
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - social and sexual behavior scale
SAPSSocSexlBehScale
Subject's likelihood to do things that are considered inappropriate according to usual social norms, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
The subject may do things that are considered inappropriate according to usual social norms. For example, he may masturbate in public, urinate or defecate in inappropriate receptacles, or exhibit his sex organs inappropriately. He may walk along the street muttering to himself, or he may begin talking to people whom he has never met about his personal life (as when riding on a subway or standing in some public place). He may drop to his knees praying and shouting in the midst of a crowd of people, or he may suddenly sit in a yoga position while in the midst of a crowd. He may make inappropriate sexual overtures or remarks to strangers.
Have you ever done anything that others might thing
unusual or that has called attention to yourself?
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Occasional instances of somewhat peculiar behavior;Moderate: Frequent instances of odd behavior;Marked: Very odd behavior;Severe: Extremely odd behavior which may have a fantastic quality;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Social and Sexual Behavior
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C09504
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) - somatic delusion scale
SAPSSomDelScale
Subject's likelihood to believe that somehow his body is diseased, abnormal, or changed, as part of the Scale For The Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)- Aggressive Agitated Behavior indicator
The subject believes that somehow his body is diseased, abnormal, or changed. For example, he may believe that his stomach or brain is rotting, that his hands or penis have become enlarged, or that his facial features are unusual (dysmorphophobia). Sometimes somatic delusions are accompanied by tactile or other hallucinations, and when this occurs, both should be rated. (For example, the subject believes that he has ballbearings rolling around in his head, placed there by a dentist who filled his teeth, and can actually hear them clanking against one another.)
Is there anything wrong with your body?
Have you noticed any change in your appearance?
None;Questionable;Mild;Moderate;Marked;Severe;
None;Questionable;Mild: Delusional beliefs may be simple and may be of several different types. Subject may question them occasionally;Moderate: Clear consistent delusion that is firmly held;Marked: Consistent, firmly-held delusion that the subject acts on;Severe: Complex, well-formed delusion that the subject acts on and that preoccupies him a great deal of the time. Some aspects of the delusion or his reaction may seem quite bizarre;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Voss T et al. Performance of the scale for assessment of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease psychosis. Mov Disord. 2010 Jan 15;25(1):124-125.
Adult
Supplemental–Highly Recommended
3.0
7/22/2013
Aliases for variable name not defined
Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS)
Psychiatric and Psychological Functions
Outcomes and End Points
SAPS Somatic Delusions
 
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
07-21-2019
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